A graphic design is simply a plan or specifications for the arrangement of some element, such as a text, in a layout or shape, or for the performance of an action or procedure, or the resultant of that plan or specifications in the form of a tangible example, model or procedure. The word ‘design’ in graphic design does not necessarily imply the application of mathematics. However, a designer would certainly need to have some knowledge of mathematics, and be able to express his ideas mathematically in a clear and concise manner. The word ‘design’ is widely used in the visual arts, particularly in painting, photography, architecture and printing. The specialized field of computer graphics, which includes computer generated art and design, enables the creative representations of physical objects on a virtual display screen.
Designers have the ability to think in terms of problem solving, an ability that is important in any organization. Design thinking requires the ability to transform information in certain ways to make it more meaningful. Design thinking is also related to information technology planning, which refers to the systematic development of computer systems to handle business requirements. The objective of this planning is to provide organizations with a better understanding of what customers need, so that they can meet those needs more efficiently and economically.
Designers use many of the same tools that architects use. They must come up with innovative solutions to architectural problems using various disciplines such as structural, environmental, usability and communication. These solutions then have to be transmitted in a way that is clearly understood by the designing team and their clients. In order to achieve a better understanding of the client’s needs, designers must come up with problem solutions using various disciplines such as structure, form and function. The design process involves problem solving, analysis, and communication.